Hörbuch: The Dancing Mania
The Dancing Mania
1 - 01 – The Dancing Mania in Germany and the Netherlands. Sect. 1 – St John’s Dance
- Download 01 – The Dancing Mania in Germany and the Netherlands. Sect. 1 – St John’s Dance audio
- Download 02 – Chapter 1: The Dancing Mania in Germany and the Netherlands – Sect. 2: St Vitus’s Dance audio
- Download 03 – Chapter 1: The Dancing Mania in Germany and the Netherlands – Sect. 3: Causes audio
- Download 04 – Chapter 1: The Dancing Mania in Germany and the Netherlands – Sect. 4: More Ancient Dancing Plagues audio
- Download 05 – Chapter 1: The Dancing Mania in Germany and the Netherlands – Sect. 5: Physicians audio
- Download 06 – Chapter 1: The Dancing Mania in Germany and the Netherlands – Sect. 6: Decline and Termination of the Dancing Plague audio
- Download 07 – Chapter 2: The Dancing Mania in Italy – Sect. 1: Tarantism audio
- Download 08 – Chapter 2: The Dancing Mania in Italy – Sect. 2: More Ancient Traces – Causes audio
- Download 09 – Chapter 2: The Dancing Mania in Italy – Sect. 3: Increase audio
- Download 10 – Chapter 2: The Dancing Mania in Italy – Sect. 4: Idiosyncrasies – Music audio
- Download 11 – Chapter 2: The Dancing Mania in Italy – Sect. 5: Hysteria audio
- Download 12 – Chapter 2: The Dancing Mania in Italy – Sect. 6: Decrease audio
- Download 13 – Chapter 3: The Dancing Mania in Abyssinia audio
- Download 14 – Chapter 4: Sympathy – Sect 1 audio
- Download 15 – Chapter 4: Sympathy – Sect 2 audio
- Download 16 – Chapter 4: Sympathy – Sect 3 audio
Numerous theories have been proposed for the causes of dancing mania, and it remains unclear whether it was a real illness or a social phenomenon.
One of the most prominent theories is that victims suffered from ergot poisoning, which was known as St Anthony’s Fire in the Middle Ages. During floods and damp periods, ergots were able to grow and affect rye and other crops. Ergotism can cause hallucinations, but cannot account for the other strange behaviour most commonly identified with dancing mania.
Many sources discuss how dancing mania, and tarantism, may have simply been the result of stress and tension caused by natural disasters around the time, such as plagues and floods…people may have danced to relieve themselves of the stress and poverty of the day, and in doing so, attempted to become ecstatic and see visions. Sources agree that dancing mania was one of the earliest forms of mass hysteria, and describe it as a “psychic epidemic”, with numerous explanations that might account for the behaviour of the dancers.
Another popular theory is that the outbreaks were all staged, and the appearance of strange behaviour was down to its unfamiliarity. Religious cults may have been acting out well-organised dances, in accordance with ancient Greek and Roman rituals. Despite being banned at the time, these rituals could be performed under the guise of uncontrollable dancing mania.
Justus Hecker, a 19th-century medical writer, described it as a kind of festival, where a practice known as “the kindling of the Nodfyr” was carried out. This involved jumping through fire and smoke, in an attempt to ward off disease.
It is certain that many participants of dancing mania were psychologically disturbed, but it is also likely that some took part out of fear, or simply wished to copy everyone else.
Although dancing mania was something confined to its period, some have identified modern-day activities that display some of its characteristics. It has been suggested that raving, an activity which became popular in the latter half of the 20th century, features characteristics of dancing mania. For example, raves may involve activities that onlookers consider odd (such as partying all night), the use of drugs to bring on hallucinations, and participants who are part of a subculture. (Introduction from Wikipedia, slightly adapted.)
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