The Life of Jesus Critically Examined cover

#1 - 000 - Introduction by Professor Otto Pfleiderer, Latin prologue, Preface

The Life of Jesus Critically Examined

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Download 000 - Introduction by Professor Otto Pfleiderer, Latin prologue, Preface audio
Download 001 - Introduction §1 Inevitable Rise of Different Modes of Explaning Sacred Histories audio
Download 002 - Introduction §2 Different Explanations of Sacred Legends Among the Greeks audio
Download 003 - Introduction §3 Allegorical Interpretations Among the Hebrews - Philo audio
Download 004 - Introduction §4 Allegorical interpretations among the Christians - Origen audio
Download 005 - Introduction §5 Transition to More Modern Times, Deists and Naturalists of the 17th and 18th Centuries, The Wolfenbüttel Fragmentist audio
Download 006 - Introduction §6 Natural Mode of Explanation Adopted by the Rationalists. Eichhorn. Paulus audio
Download 007 - Introduction §7 Moral Interpretation of Kant audio
Download 008 - Introduction §8 Rise of the mythical mode of interpreting the sacred history, in reference first to the Old Testament audio
Download 009 - Introduciton §9 The mythical mode of interpretation in reference to the New Testament audio
Download 010 - Introduction §10 The notion of the mythus in its application to sacred histories not clearly apprehended by theologians audio
Download 011 - Introduction §11 The application of the notion of the mythus too circumscribed audio
Download 012 - Introduction §12 Opposition to the mythical view of the gospel history audio
Download 013 - Introduction §13 The possibility of the existence of mythi in the New Testament considered in reference to the external evidences audio
Download 014 - Introduction §14 The possibility of mythi in the New Testament considered on internal grounds audio
Download 015 - Introduction §15 Definition of the evangelical mythus, and its distinctive characteristics audio
Download 016 - Introduction §16 Criteria by which to distinguish the unhistorical in the Gospel narrative audio
Download 017 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 1 - Annunciation and Birth of John the Baptist §17 Account given by Luke. Immediate, supernatural character of the representation audio
Download 018 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 1 - Annunciation and Birth of John the Baptist §18 Natural explanation of the narrative audio
Download 019 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 1 - Annunciation and Birth of John the Baptist §19 Mythical view of the narrative in its different stages audio
Download 020 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 2 - Davidical Descent of Jesus, According to the Genealogical Tables of Matthew and Luke §20 The two genealogies of Jesus considered separately and irrespectively of one another audio
Download 021 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 2 - Davidical Descent of Jesus, According to the Genealogical Tables of Matthew and Luke §21 Comparison of the two genealogies. Attempt to reconcile their contradictions audio
Download 022 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 2 - Davidical Descent of Jesus, According to the Genealogical Tables of Matthew and Luke §22 The genealogies unhistorical audio
Download 023 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §23 Sketch of the different canonical and apocryphal accounts audio
Download 024 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §24 Disagreements of the canonical gospels in relation to the form of the annunciation audio
Download 025 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §25 Import of the angel's message. Fulfilment of the prophecy of Isaiah audio
Download 026 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §26 Jesus begotten of the Holy Ghost. Criticism of the orthodox opinion audio
Download 027 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §27 Retrospect of the genealogies audio
Download 028 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §28 Natural explanation of the history of the conception audio
Download 029 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §29 History of the conception of Jesus viewed as mythus audio
Download 030 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §30 Relation of Joseph to Mary. Brothers of Jesus audio
Download 031 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §31 Visit of Mary to Elizabeth audio
Download 032 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §32 The census audio
Download 033 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §33 Particular circumstances of the birth of Jesus. The circumcision audio
Download 034 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §34 The Magi and their star. The flight into Egypt, and the murder of the children of Bethlehem. Criticism of the supranaturalistic view audio
Download 035 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §35 Attempts at a natural explanation of the history of the Magi. Transition to the mythical explanation audio
Download 036 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §36 The purely mythical explanation of the narrative concerning the magi, and of the events with which it is connected audio
Download 037 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §37 Chronological relation between the visit of the Magi, together with the flight into Egypt, and the presentation in the temple recorded by Luke audio
Download 038 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §38 The presentation of Jesus in the temple audio
Download 039 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §39 Retrospect. Difference between Matthew and Luke as to the original residence of the parents of Jesus audio
Download 040 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 5 - The First Visit to the Temple, and the Education of Jesus §40 Jesus, when twelve years old, in the temple audio
Download 041 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 5 - The First Visit to the Temple, and the Education of Jesus §41 This narrative also mythical audio
Download 042 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 5 - The First Visit to the Temple, and the Education of Jesus §42 On the external life of Jesus up to the time of his public appearance audio
Download 043 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 5 - The First Visit to the Temple, and the Education of Jesus §43 The intellectual development of Jesus audio
Download 044 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relations Between Jesus and John the Baptist §44 Chronological relations between John and Jesus. audio
Download 045 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relations Between Jesus and John the Baptist §45 Appearance and design of the Baptist. His personal relations with Jesus. audio
Download 046 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relations Between Jesus and John the Baptist §46 Was Jesus acknowledged by John as the Messiah? and in what sense? audio
Download 047 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relations Between Jesus and John the Baptist §47 Opinion of the evangelists and of Jesus concerning the Baptist, with his own judgment of himself. Result of the inquiry into the relationship between these two individuals audio
Download 048 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relations Between Jesus and John the Baptist §48 The execution of John the Baptist. audio
Download 049 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §49 Why did Jesus receive baptism from John? audio
Download 050 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §50 The scene at the baptism of Jesus considered as supernatural, and as natural. audio
Download 051 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §51 An attempt at a criticism and mythical interpretation of the narratives. audio
Download 052 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §52 Relation of the supernatural at the baptism of Jesus to the supernatural in his conception. audio
Download 053 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §53 Place and time of the temptation of Jesus. Divergencies of the evangelists on this subject. audio
Download 054 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §54 The history of the temptation conceived in the sense of the evangelists. audio
Download 055 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §55 The temptation considered as a natural occurrence either internal or external, and also as a parable. audio
Download 056 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §56 The history of the temptation as a mythus. audio
Download 057 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 3 - Locality and Chronology of the Public Life of Jesus §57 Difference between the synoptical writers and John, as to the customary scene of the ministry of Jesus. audio
Download 058 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 3 - Locality and Chronology of the Public Life of Jesus §58 The residence of Jesus at Capernaum. audio
Download 059 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 3 - Locality and Chronology of the Public Life of Jesus §59 Divergencies of the Evangelists as to the chronology of the life of Jesus. Duration of his public ministry. audio
Download 060 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 3 - Locality and Chronology of the Public Life of Jesus §60 The attempts at a chronological arrangement of the particular events in the public life of Jesus. audio
Download 061 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §61 Jesus, the Son of Man. audio
Download 062 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §62 How soon did Jesus conceive himself to be the Messiah, and find recognition as such from others? audio
Download 063 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §63 Jesus, the Son of God. audio
Download 064 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §64 The divine mission and authority of Jesus. His pre-existence. audio
Download 065 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §65 The messianic plan of Jesus. Indications of a political element. audio
Download 066 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §66 Data for the pure spirituality of the messianic plan of Jesus. Balance. audio
Download 067 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §67 The relation of Jesus to the Mosaic law. audio
Download 068 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §68 Scope of the messianic plan of Jesus. Relation to the Gentiles. audio
Download 069 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §69 Relation of the messianic plan of Jesus to the Samaritans. His interview with the woman of Samaria. audio
Download 070 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Disciples of Jesus §70 Calling of the first companions of Jesus. Difference between the first two Evangelists and the fourth. audio
Download 071 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Disciples of Jesus §71 Peter's draught of fishes. audio
Download 072 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Disciples of Jesus §72 Calling of Matthew. Connexion of Jesus with the publicans. audio
Download 073 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Disciples of Jesus §73 The twelve apostles. audio
Download 074 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Disciples of Jesus §74 The twelve considered individually. The three or four most confidential disciples of Jesus. audio
Download 075 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Disciples of Jesus §75 The rest of the twelve, and the seventy disciples. audio
Download 076 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 6 - The Discourses of Jesus in the Three First Gospels §76 The Sermon on the Mount. audio
Download 077 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 6 - The Discourses of Jesus in the Three First Gospels §77 Instructions to the twelve. Lamentations over the Galilean cities. Joy over the calling of the simple. audio
Download 078 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 6 - The Discourses of Jesus in the Three First Gospels §78 The parables. audio
Download 079 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 6 - The Discourses of Jesus in the Three First Gospels &sect79 Miscellaneous instructions and controversies of Jesus. audio
Download 080 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 7 - Discourses of Jesus in the Fourth Gospel §80 Conversation of Jesus with Nicodemus. audio
Download 081 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 7 - Discourses of Jesus in the Fourth Gospel §81 The discourses of Jesus, John v.-xii. audio
Download 082 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 7 - Discourses of Jesus in the Fourth Gospel §82 Isolated maxims of Jesus, common to the fourth gospel and the synoptical ones. audio
Download 083 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 7 - Discourses of Jesus in the Fourth Gospel §83 The modern discussions on the authenticity of the discourses in the Gospel of John. Result. audio
Download 084 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §84 General comparison of the manner of narration that distinguishes the several Evangelists. audio
Download 085 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §85 Isolated groups of anecdotes. Imputation of a league with Beelzebub, and demand of a sign. audio
Download 086 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §86 Visit of the mother and brethren of Jesus. The woman who pronounces the mother of Jesus blessed. audio
Download 087 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §87 Contentions for pre-eminence among the disciples. The love of Jesus for children. audio
Download 088 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §88 The purification of the temple. audio
Download 089 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §89 Narratives of the anointing of Jesus by a woman. audio
Download 090 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §90 The narratives of the woman taken in adultery, and of Mary and Martha. audio
Download 091 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §91 Jesus considered as a worker of miracles. audio
Download 092 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §92 The demoniacs, considered generally. audio
Download 093 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §93 Cases of the expulsion of demons by Jesus, considered singly. audio
Download 094 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §94 Cures of lepers. audio
Download 095 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §95 Cures of the blind. audio
Download 096 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §96 Cures of paralytics. Did Jesus regard diseases as punishments? audio
Download 097 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §97 Involuntary cures. audio
Download 098 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §98 Cures at a distance. audio
Download 099 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §99 Cures on the sabbath. audio
Download 100 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §100a Resuscitations of the dead. audio
Download 101 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §100b Resuscitations of the dead. audio
Download 102 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §101 Anecdotes having relation to the sea. audio
Download 103 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §102 The miraculous multiplication of the loves and fishes. audio
Download 104 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §103 Jesus turns water into wine. audio
Download 105 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §104 Jesus curses a barren fig-tree. audio
Download 106 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 10 - The Transfiguration of Jesus, and His Last Journey to Jerusalem §105 The transfiguration of Jesus considered as a miraculous external event. audio
Download 107 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 10 - The Transfiguration of Jesus, and His Last Journey to Jerusalem §106 The natural explanation of the narrative in various forms. audio
Download 108 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 10 - The Transfiguration of Jesus, and His Last Journey to Jerusalem §107 The history of the transfiguration considered as a mythus. audio
Download 109 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 10 - The Transfiguration of Jesus, and His Last Journey to Jerusalem §108 Diverging accounts concerning the last journey of Jesus to Jerusalem. audio
Download 110 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 10 - The Transfiguration of Jesus, and His Last Journey to Jerusalem §109 Divergencies of the gospels, in relation to the point from which Jesus made his entrance into Jerusalem. audio
Download 111 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 10 - The Transfiguration of Jesus, and His Last Journey to Jerusalem §110 More particular circumstances of the entrance. Its object and historical reality. audio
Download 112 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relation of Jesus to the Idea of a Suffering and Dying Messiah; His Discourses on his Death, Resurrection, and Second Advent §111 Did Jesus in precise terms predict his passion and death? audio
Download 113 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relation of Jesus to the Idea of a Suffering and Dying Messiah; His Discourses on his Death, Resurrection, and Second Advent §112 The predictions of Jesus concerning his death in general; their relation to the Jewish idea of the Messiah; declarations of Jesus concerning the object and effects of his death. audio
Download 114 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relation of Jesus to the Idea of a Suffering and Dying Messiah; His Discourses on his Death, Resurrection, and Second Advent §113 Precise declarations of Jesus concerning his future resurrection. audio
Download 115 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relation of Jesus to the Idea of a Suffering and Dying Messiah; His Discourses on his Death, Resurrection, and Second Advent §114 Figurative discourses, in which Jesus is supposed to have announced his resurrection. audio
Download 116 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relation of Jesus to the Idea of a Suffering and Dying Messiah; His Discourses on his Death, Resurrection, and Second Advent §115 The discourses of Jesus on his second advent. Criticism of the different interpretations. audio
Download 117 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relation of Jesus to the Idea of a Suffering and Dying Messiah; His Discourses on his Death, Resurrection, and Second Advent §116 Origin of the discourses on the second advent. audio
Download 118 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §117 Development of the relation of Jesus to his enemies. audio
Download 119 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §118 Jesus and his betrayer. audio
Download 120 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §119 Different opinions concerning the character of Judas, and the motives of his treachery. audio
Download 121 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §120 Preparation for the Passover. audio
Download 122 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §121 Divergent statements respecting the time of the last supper. audio
Download 123 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §122 Divergencies in relation to the occurrences at the last meal of Jesus. audio
Download 124 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §123 Announcement of the betrayal and the denial. audio
Download 125 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §124 The institution of the Lord's supper. audio
Download 126 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §125 Agony of Jesus in the garden. audio
Download 127 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §126 Relation of the fourth gospel to the events in Gethsemane. The farewell discourses in John, and the scene following the announcement of the Greeks. audio
Download 128 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §127 Arrest of Jesus. audio
Download 129 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §128 Examination of Jesus before the high priest. audio
Download 130 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §129 The denial by Peter. audio
Download 131 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §130 The death of the betrayer. audio
Download 132 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §131 Jesus before Pilate and Herod. audio
Download 133 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §132 The crucifixion. audio
Download 134 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §133 Prodigies attendant on the death of Jesus. audio
Download 135 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §134 The wound by a spear in the side of Jesus. audio
Download 136 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §135 Burial of Jesus. audio
Download 137 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §136 The watch at the grave of Jesus. audio
Download 138 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §137 First tidings of the resurrection. audio
Download 139 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §138 Appearances of the risen Jesus in Galilee and in Judea, including those mentioned by Paul and by apocryphal writings. audio
Download 140 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §139 Quality of the body and life of Jesus after the resurrection. audio
Download 141 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §140 Debates concerning the reality of the death and resurrection of Jesus. audio
Download 142 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Ascension §141 The last commands and promises of Jesus. audio
Download 143 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Ascension §142 The so-called ascension considered as a supernatural and as a natural event. audio
Download 144 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Ascension §143 Insufficiency of the narratives of the ascension. Mythical conception of those narratives. audio
Download 145 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §144 Necessary transition from criticism to dogma. audio
Download 146 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §145 The Christology of the orthodox system. audio
Download 147 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §146 Objections to the Christology of the church. audio
Download 148 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §147 The Christology of rationalism. audio
Download 149 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §148 The eclectic Christology of Schleiermacher. audio
Download 150 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §149 Christology interpreted symbolically. Kant. De Wette. audio
Download 151 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §150 The speculative Christology. audio
Download 152 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §151 Last dilemma. audio
Download 153 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §152 Relation of the critical and speculative theology to the church audio
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Summary

Strauss was an early pioneer in the ongoing 'Quest of the Historical Jesus' held amongst New Testament scholars, and his Life of Jesus is one of the few landmarks in the field. The first edition of Strauss' book was published in Germany in 1835 when he was only 27 years old, and which by 1840 had gone through four editions. He focused his attention on battling two theological fronts which were current at the time - the traditional Orthodox who believed the miracles in the Gospels were to be taken as literal, yet supernatural, history; and the Rationalists, who believed that the Gospel miracles were all true but could be explained by natural and purely physical causes. Strauss rejected both camps and, in a scrupulous and detailed historical analysis of the Gospels, concluded that the Gospels are historically unreliable, not because the Evangelists were deceptive, but because they were preachers who wrote their Gospels as convictions of Faith in a mythological framework. Strauss further argued that anything that can be known of the Historical Jesus is hopelessly buried under accretions of legend and myth.

The price that Strauss paid for publication was high – his Life of Jesus scandalized Europe, and caused a sensation rarely seen by philosophical or theological works. Dozens of books, mostly from Germany, were written in rebuttal. The Life of Jesus cost Strauss his post at Tübingen University, and ultimately his career. However, his argumentation proved too influential to be ignored. The school of Rationalism died in the 19th century, due in no small part to Strauss' criticism. The traditional Orthodox that Strauss criticized partly evolved into Fundamentalism in the early 20th century, and was in large part a reaction to the groundbreaking path started by Strauss and his revolutionary work.

Medical missionary Albert Schweitzer described Strauss' Life of Jesus as, "one of the most perfect things in the whole range of learned literature. In over fourteen hundred pages he has not a superfluous phrase; his analysis descends to the minutest details, but he does not lose his way among them; his style is simple and picturesque, sometimes ironical, but always dignified and distinguished". (Introduction by JoeD)

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