The Life of Jesus Critically Examined cover

The Life of Jesus Critically Examined

David Friedrich Strauss (1808-1874)

1. 000 - Introduction by Professor Otto Pfleiderer, Latin prologue, Preface
2. 001 - Introduction §1 Inevitable Rise of Different Modes of Explaning Sacred Histories
3. 002 - Introduction §2 Different Explanations of Sacred Legends Among the Greeks
4. 003 - Introduction §3 Allegorical Interpretations Among the Hebrews - Philo
5. 004 - Introduction §4 Allegorical interpretations among the Christians - Origen
6. 005 - Introduction §5 Transition to More Modern Times, Deists and Naturalists of the 17th and 18th Centuries, The Wolfenbüttel Fragmentist
7. 006 - Introduction §6 Natural Mode of Explanation Adopted by the Rationalists. Eichhorn. Paulus
8. 007 - Introduction §7 Moral Interpretation of Kant
9. 008 - Introduction §8 Rise of the mythical mode of interpreting the sacred history, in reference first to the Old Testament
10. 009 - Introduciton §9 The mythical mode of interpretation in reference to the New Testament
11. 010 - Introduction §10 The notion of the mythus in its application to sacred histories not clearly apprehended by theologians
12. 011 - Introduction §11 The application of the notion of the mythus too circumscribed
13. 012 - Introduction §12 Opposition to the mythical view of the gospel history
14. 013 - Introduction §13 The possibility of the existence of mythi in the New Testament considered in reference to the external evidences
15. 014 - Introduction §14 The possibility of mythi in the New Testament considered on internal grounds
16. 015 - Introduction §15 Definition of the evangelical mythus, and its distinctive characteristics
17. 016 - Introduction §16 Criteria by which to distinguish the unhistorical in the Gospel narrative
18. 017 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 1 - Annunciation and Birth of John the Baptist §17 Account given by Luke. Immediate, supernatural character of the representation
19. 018 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 1 - Annunciation and Birth of John the Baptist §18 Natural explanation of the narrative
20. 019 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 1 - Annunciation and Birth of John the Baptist §19 Mythical view of the narrative in its different stages
21. 020 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 2 - Davidical Descent of Jesus, According to the Genealogical Tables of Matthew and Luke §20 The two genealogies of Jesus considered separately and irrespectively of one another
22. 021 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 2 - Davidical Descent of Jesus, According to the Genealogical Tables of Matthew and Luke §21 Comparison of the two genealogies. Attempt to reconcile their contradictions
23. 022 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 2 - Davidical Descent of Jesus, According to the Genealogical Tables of Matthew and Luke §22 The genealogies unhistorical
24. 023 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §23 Sketch of the different canonical and apocryphal accounts
25. 024 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §24 Disagreements of the canonical gospels in relation to the form of the annunciation
26. 025 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §25 Import of the angel's message. Fulfilment of the prophecy of Isaiah
27. 026 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §26 Jesus begotten of the Holy Ghost. Criticism of the orthodox opinion
28. 027 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §27 Retrospect of the genealogies
29. 028 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §28 Natural explanation of the history of the conception
30. 029 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §29 History of the conception of Jesus viewed as mythus
31. 030 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §30 Relation of Joseph to Mary. Brothers of Jesus
32. 031 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 3 - Announcement of the Conception of Jesus. Its Supernatural Character. Visit of Mary to Elizabeth §31 Visit of Mary to Elizabeth
33. 032 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §32 The census
34. 033 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §33 Particular circumstances of the birth of Jesus. The circumcision
35. 034 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §34 The Magi and their star. The flight into Egypt, and the murder of the children of Bethlehem. Criticism of the supranaturalistic view
36. 035 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §35 Attempts at a natural explanation of the history of the Magi. Transition to the mythical explanation
37. 036 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §36 The purely mythical explanation of the narrative concerning the magi, and of the events with which it is connected
38. 037 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §37 Chronological relation between the visit of the Magi, together with the flight into Egypt, and the presentation in the temple recorded by Luke
39. 038 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §38 The presentation of Jesus in the temple
40. 039 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 4 - Birth and Earliest Events of the Life of Jesus §39 Retrospect. Difference between Matthew and Luke as to the original residence of the parents of Jesus
41. 040 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 5 - The First Visit to the Temple, and the Education of Jesus §40 Jesus, when twelve years old, in the temple
42. 041 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 5 - The First Visit to the Temple, and the Education of Jesus §41 This narrative also mythical
43. 042 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 5 - The First Visit to the Temple, and the Education of Jesus §42 On the external life of Jesus up to the time of his public appearance
44. 043 - Part 1 - History of the Birth and Childhood of Jesus, Chapter 5 - The First Visit to the Temple, and the Education of Jesus §43 The intellectual development of Jesus
45. 044 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relations Between Jesus and John the Baptist §44 Chronological relations between John and Jesus.
46. 045 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relations Between Jesus and John the Baptist §45 Appearance and design of the Baptist. His personal relations with Jesus.
47. 046 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relations Between Jesus and John the Baptist §46 Was Jesus acknowledged by John as the Messiah? and in what sense?
48. 047 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relations Between Jesus and John the Baptist §47 Opinion of the evangelists and of Jesus concerning the Baptist, with his own judgment of himself. Result of the inquiry into the relationship between these two individuals
49. 048 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relations Between Jesus and John the Baptist §48 The execution of John the Baptist.
50. 049 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §49 Why did Jesus receive baptism from John?
51. 050 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §50 The scene at the baptism of Jesus considered as supernatural, and as natural.
52. 051 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §51 An attempt at a criticism and mythical interpretation of the narratives.
53. 052 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §52 Relation of the supernatural at the baptism of Jesus to the supernatural in his conception.
54. 053 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §53 Place and time of the temptation of Jesus. Divergencies of the evangelists on this subject.
55. 054 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §54 The history of the temptation conceived in the sense of the evangelists.
56. 055 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §55 The temptation considered as a natural occurrence either internal or external, and also as a parable.
57. 056 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 2 - Baptism and Temptation of Jesus §56 The history of the temptation as a mythus.
58. 057 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 3 - Locality and Chronology of the Public Life of Jesus §57 Difference between the synoptical writers and John, as to the customary scene of the ministry of Jesus.
59. 058 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 3 - Locality and Chronology of the Public Life of Jesus §58 The residence of Jesus at Capernaum.
60. 059 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 3 - Locality and Chronology of the Public Life of Jesus §59 Divergencies of the Evangelists as to the chronology of the life of Jesus. Duration of his public ministry.
61. 060 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 3 - Locality and Chronology of the Public Life of Jesus §60 The attempts at a chronological arrangement of the particular events in the public life of Jesus.
62. 061 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §61 Jesus, the Son of Man.
63. 062 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §62 How soon did Jesus conceive himself to be the Messiah, and find recognition as such from others?
64. 063 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §63 Jesus, the Son of God.
65. 064 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §64 The divine mission and authority of Jesus. His pre-existence.
66. 065 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §65 The messianic plan of Jesus. Indications of a political element.
67. 066 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §66 Data for the pure spirituality of the messianic plan of Jesus. Balance.
68. 067 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §67 The relation of Jesus to the Mosaic law.
69. 068 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §68 Scope of the messianic plan of Jesus. Relation to the Gentiles.
70. 069 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 4 - Jesus as the Messiah §69 Relation of the messianic plan of Jesus to the Samaritans. His interview with the woman of Samaria.
71. 070 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Disciples of Jesus §70 Calling of the first companions of Jesus. Difference between the first two Evangelists and the fourth.
72. 071 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Disciples of Jesus §71 Peter's draught of fishes.
73. 072 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Disciples of Jesus §72 Calling of Matthew. Connexion of Jesus with the publicans.
74. 073 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Disciples of Jesus §73 The twelve apostles.
75. 074 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Disciples of Jesus §74 The twelve considered individually. The three or four most confidential disciples of Jesus.
76. 075 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Disciples of Jesus §75 The rest of the twelve, and the seventy disciples.
77. 076 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 6 - The Discourses of Jesus in the Three First Gospels §76 The Sermon on the Mount.
78. 077 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 6 - The Discourses of Jesus in the Three First Gospels §77 Instructions to the twelve. Lamentations over the Galilean cities. Joy over the calling of the simple.
79. 078 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 6 - The Discourses of Jesus in the Three First Gospels §78 The parables.
80. 079 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 6 - The Discourses of Jesus in the Three First Gospels &sect79 Miscellaneous instructions and controversies of Jesus.
81. 080 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 7 - Discourses of Jesus in the Fourth Gospel §80 Conversation of Jesus with Nicodemus.
82. 081 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 7 - Discourses of Jesus in the Fourth Gospel §81 The discourses of Jesus, John v.-xii.
83. 082 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 7 - Discourses of Jesus in the Fourth Gospel §82 Isolated maxims of Jesus, common to the fourth gospel and the synoptical ones.
84. 083 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 7 - Discourses of Jesus in the Fourth Gospel §83 The modern discussions on the authenticity of the discourses in the Gospel of John. Result.
85. 084 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §84 General comparison of the manner of narration that distinguishes the several Evangelists.
86. 085 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §85 Isolated groups of anecdotes. Imputation of a league with Beelzebub, and demand of a sign.
87. 086 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §86 Visit of the mother and brethren of Jesus. The woman who pronounces the mother of Jesus blessed.
88. 087 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §87 Contentions for pre-eminence among the disciples. The love of Jesus for children.
89. 088 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §88 The purification of the temple.
90. 089 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §89 Narratives of the anointing of Jesus by a woman.
91. 090 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 8 - Events in the Public Life of Jesus, Exclusive of the Miracles §90 The narratives of the woman taken in adultery, and of Mary and Martha.
92. 091 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §91 Jesus considered as a worker of miracles.
93. 092 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §92 The demoniacs, considered generally.
94. 093 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §93 Cases of the expulsion of demons by Jesus, considered singly.
95. 094 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §94 Cures of lepers.
96. 095 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §95 Cures of the blind.
97. 096 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §96 Cures of paralytics. Did Jesus regard diseases as punishments?
98. 097 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §97 Involuntary cures.
99. 098 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §98 Cures at a distance.
100. 099 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §99 Cures on the sabbath.
101. 100 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §100a Resuscitations of the dead.
102. 101 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §100b Resuscitations of the dead.
103. 102 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §101 Anecdotes having relation to the sea.
104. 103 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §102 The miraculous multiplication of the loves and fishes.
105. 104 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §103 Jesus turns water into wine.
106. 105 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 9 - Miracles of Jesus §104 Jesus curses a barren fig-tree.
107. 106 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 10 - The Transfiguration of Jesus, and His Last Journey to Jerusalem §105 The transfiguration of Jesus considered as a miraculous external event.
108. 107 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 10 - The Transfiguration of Jesus, and His Last Journey to Jerusalem §106 The natural explanation of the narrative in various forms.
109. 108 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 10 - The Transfiguration of Jesus, and His Last Journey to Jerusalem §107 The history of the transfiguration considered as a mythus.
110. 109 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 10 - The Transfiguration of Jesus, and His Last Journey to Jerusalem §108 Diverging accounts concerning the last journey of Jesus to Jerusalem.
111. 110 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 10 - The Transfiguration of Jesus, and His Last Journey to Jerusalem §109 Divergencies of the gospels, in relation to the point from which Jesus made his entrance into Jerusalem.
112. 111 - Part 2 - History of the Public Life of Jesus Chapter 10 - The Transfiguration of Jesus, and His Last Journey to Jerusalem §110 More particular circumstances of the entrance. Its object and historical reality.
113. 112 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relation of Jesus to the Idea of a Suffering and Dying Messiah; His Discourses on his Death, Resurrection, and Second Advent §111 Did Jesus in precise terms predict his passion and death?
114. 113 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relation of Jesus to the Idea of a Suffering and Dying Messiah; His Discourses on his Death, Resurrection, and Second Advent §112 The predictions of Jesus concerning his death in general; their relation to the Jewish idea of the Messiah; declarations of Jesus concerning the object and effects of his death.
115. 114 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relation of Jesus to the Idea of a Suffering and Dying Messiah; His Discourses on his Death, Resurrection, and Second Advent §113 Precise declarations of Jesus concerning his future resurrection.
116. 115 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relation of Jesus to the Idea of a Suffering and Dying Messiah; His Discourses on his Death, Resurrection, and Second Advent §114 Figurative discourses, in which Jesus is supposed to have announced his resurrection.
117. 116 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relation of Jesus to the Idea of a Suffering and Dying Messiah; His Discourses on his Death, Resurrection, and Second Advent §115 The discourses of Jesus on his second advent. Criticism of the different interpretations.
118. 117 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 1 - Relation of Jesus to the Idea of a Suffering and Dying Messiah; His Discourses on his Death, Resurrection, and Second Advent §116 Origin of the discourses on the second advent.
119. 118 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §117 Development of the relation of Jesus to his enemies.
120. 119 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §118 Jesus and his betrayer.
121. 120 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §119 Different opinions concerning the character of Judas, and the motives of his treachery.
122. 121 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §120 Preparation for the Passover.
123. 122 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §121 Divergent statements respecting the time of the last supper.
124. 123 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §122 Divergencies in relation to the occurrences at the last meal of Jesus.
125. 124 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §123 Announcement of the betrayal and the denial.
126. 125 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 2 - Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus; Treachery of Judas; Last Supper with the Disciples §124 The institution of the Lord's supper.
127. 126 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §125 Agony of Jesus in the garden.
128. 127 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §126 Relation of the fourth gospel to the events in Gethsemane. The farewell discourses in John, and the scene following the announcement of the Greeks.
129. 128 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §127 Arrest of Jesus.
130. 129 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §128 Examination of Jesus before the high priest.
131. 130 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §129 The denial by Peter.
132. 131 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §130 The death of the betrayer.
133. 132 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §131 Jesus before Pilate and Herod.
134. 133 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 3 - Retirement to the Mount of Olives, Arrest, Trial, Condemnation, and Crucifixion of Jesus §132 The crucifixion.
135. 134 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §133 Prodigies attendant on the death of Jesus.
136. 135 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §134 The wound by a spear in the side of Jesus.
137. 136 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §135 Burial of Jesus.
138. 137 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §136 The watch at the grave of Jesus.
139. 138 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §137 First tidings of the resurrection.
140. 139 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §138 Appearances of the risen Jesus in Galilee and in Judea, including those mentioned by Paul and by apocryphal writings.
141. 140 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §139 Quality of the body and life of Jesus after the resurrection.
142. 141 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 4 - Death and Resurrection of Jesus §140 Debates concerning the reality of the death and resurrection of Jesus.
143. 142 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Ascension §141 The last commands and promises of Jesus.
144. 143 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Ascension §142 The so-called ascension considered as a supernatural and as a natural event.
145. 144 - Part 3 - History of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Chapter 5 - The Ascension §143 Insufficiency of the narratives of the ascension. Mythical conception of those narratives.
146. 145 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §144 Necessary transition from criticism to dogma.
147. 146 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §145 The Christology of the orthodox system.
148. 147 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §146 Objections to the Christology of the church.
149. 148 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §147 The Christology of rationalism.
150. 149 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §148 The eclectic Christology of Schleiermacher.
151. 150 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §149 Christology interpreted symbolically. Kant. De Wette.
152. 151 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §150 The speculative Christology.
153. 152 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §151 Last dilemma.
154. 153 - Concluding Dissertation - The Dogmatic Import of the Life of Jesus §152 Relation of the critical and speculative theology to the church

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Summary

Strauss was an early pioneer in the ongoing 'Quest of the Historical Jesus' held amongst New Testament scholars, and his Life of Jesus is one of the few landmarks in the field. The first edition of Strauss' book was published in Germany in 1835 when he was only 27 years old, and which by 1840 had gone through four editions. He focused his attention on battling two theological fronts which were current at the time - the traditional Orthodox who believed the miracles in the Gospels were to be taken as literal, yet supernatural, history; and the Rationalists, who believed that the Gospel miracles were all true but could be explained by natural and purely physical causes. Strauss rejected both camps and, in a scrupulous and detailed historical analysis of the Gospels, concluded that the Gospels are historically unreliable, not because the Evangelists were deceptive, but because they were preachers who wrote their Gospels as convictions of Faith in a mythological framework. Strauss further argued that anything that can be known of the Historical Jesus is hopelessly buried under accretions of legend and myth.The price that Strauss paid for publication was high – his Life of Jesus scandalized Europe, and caused a sensation rarely seen by philosophical or theological works. Dozens of books, mostly from Germany, were written in rebuttal. The Life of Jesus cost Strauss his post at Tübingen University, and ultimately his career. However, his argumentation proved too influential to be ignored. The school of Rationalism died in the 19th century, due in no small part to Strauss' criticism. The traditional Orthodox that Strauss criticized partly evolved into Fundamentalism in the early 20th century, and was in large part a reaction to the groundbreaking path started by Strauss and his revolutionary work.Medical missionary Albert Schweitzer described Strauss' Life of Jesus as, "one of the most perfect things in the whole range of learned literature. In over fourteen hundred pages he has not a superfluous phrase; his analysis descends to the minutest details, but he does not lose his way among them; his style is simple and picturesque, sometimes ironical, but always dignified and distinguished". (Introduction by JoeD)